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سيشيل Seychelles

الموقع : تقع في المحيط الهندي على بعد من شمال شرق مدغشقر وشرق كينيا وتنزانيا وهي عبارة عن مجموعة جزر بركانية.

القارة : إفريقيا.

المساحة : 454كم2.

السكان : 81,200.

العاصمة : فكتوريا .

اللغة : الفرنسية – الإنجليزية – كريولي.

الديانات : كاثوليك 88,6% - مسيحيون آخرون 8,5% - هندوس 0,4% - غيرهم 2,5%.

العملة : روبية سيشلية .

أهم المدن : أهم جزرها " ماهيه – براسلين – آميرانتس – اسامبشن – استوفى – كوزموليدو – بروفيدنس – كوتيفي – بلات .

أهم المواني : فكتوريا.

نبذة تاريخية :.

• منذ منتصف القرون الوسطى نزلها العرب لكنهم لم يستوطنوا بها .
• في بداية القرن السادس عشر م اكتشفها الملاح البرتغالي فاسكو دي جاما ولم تكن ماهولة بالسكان .
• 1756م زعمت فرنسا احقيتها في الجزيرة وحملت الجزيرة اسم الفيكونت مورو دو سيشل المفتش العام للمالية في عهد لويس الخامس عشر م .
• في أواخر القرن الثامن عشر م بدا السكان البيض والسود في استيطان اكبر جزر المجموعة وهي جزيرة ماهية.
• 1814م تنازلت فرنسا عن الجزر لصالح بريطانيا ووضعت الجزيرة من هذا التاريط تحت إدارة موريشيوس .
• 1827م صارت مستعمرة انجليزية .
• 1976م أصبحت دولة مستقلة ولكن في ظل الكومنولث البريطاني وتشكلت حكومة ائتلافية أصبح فيها جيمس مانشام رئيسا للبلاد وتولى رينيه زعيم حزب الإتحاد الشعبي رئاسة الوزراء.
• 1977م قام حزب الإتحاد الشعبي بانقلاب تولى على أثره الحكم وتولى رينيه رئاسة البلاد وعطل الدستور وفرض نظام الحزب الواحد .
• 1992م وافق رينيه على إعادة العمل بالتعددية الحزبية وفي نفس العام عاد مانشام من منفاه.
• 1993م أجريت الانتخابات في ظل دستور جديد تمت الموافقة عليه في استفتاء شعبي وفاز فيها حزب الإتحاد الشعبي برئاسة رينيه.
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الكاتب: الادارة التاريخ: 2009/04/14
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